Difference between revisions of "Talk:C-band Receiver Station"

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 +
== TODO ==
 +
 +
* Thermal box for LNC (alu case, see [http://www.electrokit.se/ Electrokit] → Apparatlådor → Metall)
 +
* Mount feed and LNC on dish
 +
* Band pass filter for WBX (tbc)
 +
* External clock for USRP (tbc)
 +
 +
== Wireless link between LNC and control room ==
 +
 +
The LNC is very good at stable; however, everything is relative and at 5.8 GHz even very small temperature variations can cause several kHz of drift. Keep in mind that 1% of 5.8 GHz is 58 MHz!
 +
 +
We have been considering two potential solutions for this:
 +
# Put LNC in a box with active cooling and heating.
 +
# Put the LNC in a
 +
 +
A quick and dirty solution that might provide some improvement is to:
 +
# Put the LNC in an insulated box (passive)
 +
# Measure the temperature inside the box. Assuming that we can map the LNC frequency drift vs. temperature, we can use the temperature to estimate the drift.
 +
 +
This would also need some sort of wireless link from the antenna to the control room:
 +
* [http://www.coolcomponents.co.uk/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=36&products_id=478 TMP102 temperature sensor]: £3.83
 +
* [http://www.coolcomponents.co.uk/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=50_74&products_id=115 Arduino Duemilanove]: £20.58 (need two)
 +
* [http://www.coolcomponents.co.uk/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=25&products_id=238 RF Link Transmitter 434MHz]: £3.95
 +
* [http://www.coolcomponents.co.uk/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=25&products_id=239 RF Link 4800bps Receiver 434MHz]: £5.95
 +
 +
 
== Logbook ==
 
== Logbook ==
  
Line 22: Line 48:
 
=== 2010.03.09 ===
 
=== 2010.03.09 ===
  
Official kick-off. At the AMSAT OZ meeting today we agreed to proceed with the project and to inquire about the [http://www.kuhne-electronic.de/en/shop/145_Down_Converters/article:60_KU_LNC_5659_A KU LNC 5659 C PRO] down.converter. The LNC will be the property of AMSAT OZ. Using the 400-700 MHz version of the LNC we can use the existing cable going between the tower and the control room. First we try without any buffer amp between the LNC and receiver.
+
Official kick-off. At the AMSAT OZ meeting today we agreed to proceed with the project and to inquire about the [http://www.kuhne-electronic.de/en/shop/145_Down_Converters/article:60_KU_LNC_5659_A KU LNC 5659 C PRO] down-converter. The LNC will be the property of AMSAT OZ. Using the 400-700 MHz version of the LNC we can use the existing cable going between the tower and the control room. First we try without any buffer amp between the LNC and receiver.
  
 
Sent inquiry to Kuhne.
 
Sent inquiry to Kuhne.
Line 46: Line 72:
 
** USRP: Use 10MHz Rb reference as input to 64MHz signal generator.
 
** USRP: Use 10MHz Rb reference as input to 64MHz signal generator.
  
 +
=== 2010.03.17 ===
 +
 +
* [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/313-bias-t-for-the-unitec-1-receiver Blog post about Bias-T]
 +
* Found some [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/312-technical-papers-about-unitec-1 technical papers] about UNITEC-1.
 +
 +
=== 2010.03.21 ===
 +
 +
* Created a prototype CW receiver for the OZ7IGY tests on Tuesday by reverse engineering the flowgraph of the [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/298-live-recording-of-receiver-tests SDR transceiver]
 +
* [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/315-simple-cw-receiver-with-gnu-radio Blog post] with video demo of the receiver.
 +
 +
=== 2010.03.23 ===
 +
 +
* Smoke test of the LNC passed, see [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/318-successful-first-tests-of-the-unitec-1-receiver-setup blog post]. No OZ7IGY, though.
 +
* [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/317-simple-cw-receiver-v03 V0.3 of the simple receiver]
 +
* Measured sensitivity of the WBX receiver in CW: better than -130 dBm. See [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/319-wbx-receiver-sensitivity-in-cw blog post].
 +
 +
=== 2010.03.31 ===
 +
 +
* Found out how to implement SSB in the simple receiver. See [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/321-from-double-side-band-to-single-side-band-reception blog post].
 +
 +
=== 2010.04.05 ===
 +
 +
* Implemented SSB in the simple receiver (V0.4).
 +
* Decided to separate the band pass filter from he frequency xlating filter as described in the [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/324-simple-ssb-receiver-in-gnu-radio-companion blog post].
 +
 +
=== 2010.04.08 ===
 +
 +
* Found suitable values for Fast, Medium and Slow AGC. Not quite perfect but usable. See [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/325-improved-agc-for-the-simple-ssb-receiver blog post].
 +
 +
=== 2010.04.09 ===
 +
 +
* Experiment with binaural CW reception, see [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/327-binaural-cw-receiver-with-gnu-radio-and-usrp blog post].
 +
* Investigated using complex LO instead of freq xlating filter hoping to save some CPU by removing low pass filter. Got the opposite result, see [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/326-frequency-xlating-filter-vs-complex-multiplication blog post].
 +
* Finished version 0.6 of the receiver where a USRP frequency entry widget has been added.
 +
 +
=== 2010.04.10 ===
 +
 +
* [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/328-gnu-radio-ssbcwamfm-receiver-v06 Blog post] about the V0.6 receiver.
 +
 +
=== 2010.04.13 ===
 +
 +
* Successful on the air test of receiver and LNC using OZ7IGY beacon signal. 5-10 dB SNR but the direction was almost 90 deg off, meaning that we were receiving a reflection. See blog post (TBD).
 +
 +
=== 2010.04.16 ===
 +
 +
* Very preliminary link budget indicates that we should be good to 20 million km. Not bad.
 +
 +
=== 2010.04.30 ===
 +
 +
* Receiver test video featured on The Southgate Amateur Radio Club website: [http://www.southgatearc.org/news/april2010/venus_satellite_receiver.htm Receiver for Interplanetary Amateur Radio Satellite].
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.04 ===
 +
 +
* Started adding some details about the [[C-band_Receiver_Station#Receiver_Hardware|receiver hardware]].
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.08 ===
 +
 +
* Ordered parts for [[#Wireless link between LNC and control room|wireless thermometer]]
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.11 ===
 +
 +
* OZ2ABA mounted new cables and the wide band horn feed on the 7m dish.
 +
* Created functional diagram of WBX receiver.
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.12 ===
 +
 +
* Blog post about [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/332-c-band-receiver-hardware-for-unitec-1 receiver hardware].
 +
* Completed [[C-band_Receiver_Station#Link_Budget_for_UNITEC-1|link budget calculations]].
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.15 ===
 +
 +
* Uploaded video of the 7m dish preparations. See on [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XvjUlQe-Q-0 YouTube].
 +
* Created [http://www.ustream.tv/channel/unitec-1 channel for live streaming].
 +
* [http://sites.google.com/site/unitec1ops/ UNITEC-1 Operation Center] website announced.
 +
* [http://arvireo35b.sakura.ne.jp/forumunitec1/index.php UNITEC-1 Operation Forum] is now also open.
 +
* Software for trajectory estimation is available as Windows binary or Excel sheet. See [http://sites.google.com/site/unitec1ops/swdownload Software Download] page.
 +
* There is a special UNITEC-1 edition of [http://www.sdrham.com/spectran.html Spectran software] - also for windows only :(
 +
 +
The spectran log format is very simple:
 +
 +
  2010/05/05 13:19:15.268 4531.23 -160.0
 +
  2010/05/05 13:19:15.578 5704.79 -56.6
 +
  2010/05/05 13:19:15.819 8073.45 -59.9
 +
  2010/05/05 13:19:16.029 8073.45 -60.3
 +
 +
Fields are separated by tab. File name format is Spectran_2010-5-05_13-19-15.log although this does not seems to be consistent with the file naming convention described [http://sites.google.com/site/unitec1ops/gsn/filenameformat here].
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.16 ===
 +
 +
* We agreed that we'll try to convert existing 2.4 GHz dish to 5.8 GHz for tracking in the beginning.
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.17 ===
 +
 +
* Repaired broken Az rotator, see [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/335-smaller-dish-for-tracking-unitec-1 photos]. Rotator is now tracking OK but got moutned 180° off. Will fix tomorrow (OZ2ABA, OZ6BL and myself)
 +
* Met Peter Gülzow DB2OS, Naomi Kurahara, Mario Lorenz KC5WHE and Tilman over skype.
 +
* Launch was scrubbed due to bad weather
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.18 ===
 +
 +
* New launch time announced: 20 May 2010, 21:58:22 UTC
 +
* Fixed Azimuth rotator orientation. This time it only took 17 minutes since we had the practice from yesterday.
 +
* Constructed small helical feed with 2 turns for the 90cm dish
 +
* Tested with OZ7IGY, see [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/336-58-ghz-helical-feed-for-the-90cm-dish blog post].
 +
* We learned that manual steering is very difficult because as soon as you touch the L/R switch rotator moves 3°. 90cm dish has approxuimately 4° beamwidth.
 +
* Participants today were OZ2ABA, OZ6BL, OZ9KJ and myself.
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.20 ===
 +
 +
* Successful H-IIA F17 launch and UNITEC-1 separation. Epoch time it 22:46:20 UTC
 +
* First contact in Japan; expected at 21 May 2010 07:22:31.734
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.21 ===
 +
 +
* Signals from UNITEC-1 received in Japan in the morning (UTC)
 +
* Nothing heard over Europe
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.22 ===
 +
 +
* When we left yesterday we let the receiver listen to OZ7IGY. Frequency drift since then was about 1 kHz (over 20 hours with LNC mounted outside and no particular thermal protection).
 +
* No luck with receiving UNITEC-1
 +
* We tried to scan ± few MHz and even went up to 5860 MHz.
 +
* We also scanned in slightly different directions and during times outside the scheduled slots.
 +
* We stopped around 11 PM.
 +
 +
=== 2010.05.23 ===
 +
 +
* Posted my [http://www.oz9aec.net/index.php/gnu-radio/gnu-radio-blog/339-unitec-1-tracking-report UNITEC-1 Tracking Report]
  
 
[[Category:Logbooks]]
 
[[Category:Logbooks]]

Latest revision as of 21:47, 23 May 2010

Contents

TODO

  • Thermal box for LNC (alu case, see Electrokit → Apparatlådor → Metall)
  • Mount feed and LNC on dish
  • Band pass filter for WBX (tbc)
  • External clock for USRP (tbc)

Wireless link between LNC and control room

The LNC is very good at stable; however, everything is relative and at 5.8 GHz even very small temperature variations can cause several kHz of drift. Keep in mind that 1% of 5.8 GHz is 58 MHz!

We have been considering two potential solutions for this:

  1. Put LNC in a box with active cooling and heating.
  2. Put the LNC in a

A quick and dirty solution that might provide some improvement is to:

  1. Put the LNC in an insulated box (passive)
  2. Measure the temperature inside the box. Assuming that we can map the LNC frequency drift vs. temperature, we can use the temperature to estimate the drift.

This would also need some sort of wireless link from the antenna to the control room:


Logbook

2010.01.28

I found about about UNITEC-1 via Southgate ARC. Interesting but there seemed to be long time until launch (20 May maybe).

2010.01.30

Discussed the UNITEC-1 tracking with Scott OZ2ABA. We are considering and we will look for LNCs.

2010.02.01

Kuhne has several LNCs for the 5.8 GHz band that cover the whole band from 5.6 to 5.9 GHz:

The first option is probably better due to lower cable losses – we have about 40 meters cable from the antenna feed to the control room.

2010.03.07

Email from Mineo Wakita JE9PEL on AMSAT BB noting that the PLANET-C and UNITEC-1 launch date is now set for 17 May 2010 21:44:14 UTC. Time to get C-band gear ready!

2010.03.09

Official kick-off. At the AMSAT OZ meeting today we agreed to proceed with the project and to inquire about the KU LNC 5659 C PRO down-converter. The LNC will be the property of AMSAT OZ. Using the 400-700 MHz version of the LNC we can use the existing cable going between the tower and the control room. First we try without any buffer amp between the LNC and receiver.

Sent inquiry to Kuhne.

2010.03.11

Ordered KU LNC 5659 C PRO down-converter.

2010.03.12

Made the first blog post about the project.

2010.03.15

Received the LNC. Visual inspection OK, see video on YouTube or Ustream. Added photos to Picasa album.

2010.03.16

  • Made blog post about LNC.
  • Brief chat with OZ2ABA about tracking accuracy we can achieve:
    • Hydraulic drive has optical encoders with resolution 0.05°. Az encoder connected, El encoder is not connected.
    • Temp stability of LNC: Measure temp profile in lab and equip LNC box with a thermometer
    • USRP: Use 10MHz Rb reference as input to 64MHz signal generator.

2010.03.17

2010.03.21

  • Created a prototype CW receiver for the OZ7IGY tests on Tuesday by reverse engineering the flowgraph of the SDR transceiver
  • Blog post with video demo of the receiver.

2010.03.23

2010.03.31

  • Found out how to implement SSB in the simple receiver. See blog post.

2010.04.05

  • Implemented SSB in the simple receiver (V0.4).
  • Decided to separate the band pass filter from he frequency xlating filter as described in the blog post.

2010.04.08

  • Found suitable values for Fast, Medium and Slow AGC. Not quite perfect but usable. See blog post.

2010.04.09

  • Experiment with binaural CW reception, see blog post.
  • Investigated using complex LO instead of freq xlating filter hoping to save some CPU by removing low pass filter. Got the opposite result, see blog post.
  • Finished version 0.6 of the receiver where a USRP frequency entry widget has been added.

2010.04.10

2010.04.13

  • Successful on the air test of receiver and LNC using OZ7IGY beacon signal. 5-10 dB SNR but the direction was almost 90 deg off, meaning that we were receiving a reflection. See blog post (TBD).

2010.04.16

  • Very preliminary link budget indicates that we should be good to 20 million km. Not bad.

2010.04.30

2010.05.04

2010.05.08

2010.05.11

  • OZ2ABA mounted new cables and the wide band horn feed on the 7m dish.
  • Created functional diagram of WBX receiver.

2010.05.12

2010.05.15

The spectran log format is very simple:

 2010/05/05	13:19:15.268	 4531.23	-160.0
 2010/05/05	13:19:15.578	 5704.79	-56.6
 2010/05/05	13:19:15.819	 8073.45	-59.9
 2010/05/05	13:19:16.029	 8073.45	-60.3

Fields are separated by tab. File name format is Spectran_2010-5-05_13-19-15.log although this does not seems to be consistent with the file naming convention described here.

2010.05.16

  • We agreed that we'll try to convert existing 2.4 GHz dish to 5.8 GHz for tracking in the beginning.

2010.05.17

  • Repaired broken Az rotator, see photos. Rotator is now tracking OK but got moutned 180° off. Will fix tomorrow (OZ2ABA, OZ6BL and myself)
  • Met Peter Gülzow DB2OS, Naomi Kurahara, Mario Lorenz KC5WHE and Tilman over skype.
  • Launch was scrubbed due to bad weather

2010.05.18

  • New launch time announced: 20 May 2010, 21:58:22 UTC
  • Fixed Azimuth rotator orientation. This time it only took 17 minutes since we had the practice from yesterday.
  • Constructed small helical feed with 2 turns for the 90cm dish
  • Tested with OZ7IGY, see blog post.
  • We learned that manual steering is very difficult because as soon as you touch the L/R switch rotator moves 3°. 90cm dish has approxuimately 4° beamwidth.
  • Participants today were OZ2ABA, OZ6BL, OZ9KJ and myself.

2010.05.20

  • Successful H-IIA F17 launch and UNITEC-1 separation. Epoch time it 22:46:20 UTC
  • First contact in Japan; expected at 21 May 2010 07:22:31.734

2010.05.21

  • Signals from UNITEC-1 received in Japan in the morning (UTC)
  • Nothing heard over Europe

2010.05.22

  • When we left yesterday we let the receiver listen to OZ7IGY. Frequency drift since then was about 1 kHz (over 20 hours with LNC mounted outside and no particular thermal protection).
  • No luck with receiving UNITEC-1
  • We tried to scan ± few MHz and even went up to 5860 MHz.
  • We also scanned in slightly different directions and during times outside the scheduled slots.
  • We stopped around 11 PM.

2010.05.23