Digital Video Transmission

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See Simple DVB with Gstreamer and GNU Radio

System Overview

Modular setup where one can easily swap between different codecs, modulation and other parameters.

On the receiver side:

  • Video input device:
    • File
    • Webcam
    • Firewire cameras
  • Video encoder
    • gstreamer
    • ffmpeg
    • vlc
  • MPEG-TS muxer
  • GNU Radio SDR transmitter:
    • FEC
    • Modulator
  • USRP with RFX
    • RFX1200 gives 200mW at 1.2 GHz
    • WBX gives less than 100mW

On the receiver side:

  • USRP with RF board for 1.2 GHz:
    • WBX
    • DBSRX
    • RFX1200
  • GNU Radio SDR receiver:
    • FEC
    • Demodulator
  • MPEG-TS demuxer
  • Video decoder:
    • gstreamer
    • mplayer / ffplay
    • VLC


  1. The MPEG-TS muxer would be nice to have in order to encapsulate more than one stream and to ensure CBR by inserting NULL packets.
  2. Initial experiments have been performed using gstreamer, see this blog

Target Bitrates

Using H.264

  • 1920 x 1080i (2-8 Mbps)
  • 1280 x 720p (1-4 Mbps)
  • 704 x 480p (412 kbps to 2 Mbps)
  • 640 x 360 (256 kbps to 1 Mbps)


Note: libx264 prefers both height and width to be integer multiple of 16, otherwise compression will suffer.

Using OGG Theora


Using Dirac




Differential BPSK would be simplest with best BER vs Eb/N0.

DVB-S uses QPSK.


Gaussian minimum shift keying or GMSK is a continuous-phase frequency-shift keying modulation scheme. It is similar to standard minimum-shift keying (MSK); however the digital data stream is first shaped with a Gaussian filter before being applied to a frequency modulator. This has the advantage of reducing sideband power, which in turn reduces out-of-band interference between signal carriers in adjacent frequency channels. However, the Gaussian filter increases the modulation memory in the system and causes intersymbol interference, making it more difficult to discriminate between different transmitted data values and requiring more complex channel equalization algorithms such as an adaptive equalizer at the receiver.

GMSK has high spectral efficiency, but it needs a higher power level than QPSK, for instance, in order to transmit the same amount of data reliably.

GMSK is used in GSM as well as in Space-to-Earth links for high-rate mission data.



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